There are a number of tumors that can affect the external, middle and inner ear. Examples include:
- Both benign and malignant lesions of the skin of the auricle (outer ear) and the auditory canal, the middle ear and mastoid portion of the skull
- Acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma) is a benign tumor that actually arises from one of the vestibular (balance) nerves, often within the internal auditory canal between the ear and brain. They commonly produce a progressive hearing loss, ringing, and balance problems, usually in one ear
- Glomus tumors, which are usually benign, arise in blood vessel structures in the middle ear or adjacent skull base.
Proper diagnosis by an Otolaryngologist typically includes a careful physical examination, hearing testing (audiometry), and imaging studies such as CT or MRI scanning. Once diagnosed, a variety of medical and surgical treatments are employed to cure or control the tumors.