The throat is a muscular tube that extends from the back of the nose to the neck. It contains the pharynx, larynx, tonsils and adenoids, and serves as a passageway for air, food and liquid. Diseases affecting the thyroid, parathyroid and salivary glands can impact many of your body’s regular processes. Fortunately, many of these disorders are easily treatable.
When certain conditions interfere with normal thyroid production, surgical removal of the thyroid gland is performed. This is usually done when thyroid cancer has been detected, an otherwise benign thyroid nodule grows so large it causes problems or hyperthyroidism (a disorder in which excess thyroid hormone is produced) does not respond to treatment with medications or radioactive iodine, though this is rare.