Treatment for your allergies will vary depending on their cause and severity. Many different substances can trigger allergies and they can occur throughout the year in every type of climate, so there is no single solution.
Allergies occur when the immune system comes into contact with a substance that is usually harmless to others. It perceives the allergen as a threat and mounts a defense by producing antibodies designed to ward off the invader. These are the cause of the classic allergy symptoms such as runny or stuffy nose, itchy and watery eyes, cough and postnasal drip.
The most effective way to control allergies is through prevention. Avoiding the triggers that cause your symptoms can greatly reduce your suffering.
While prevention is ideal, it isn’t always possible. There is a wide range of medications available to help control symptoms. These include antihistamines, decongestants, nasal sprays, eye drops, corticosteroids and mast cell inhibitors. None offer a cure, but all can help make life more tolerable.
Immunotherapy is an effective long-term method of eliminating allergy symptoms. Receiving regular doses of the substance to which you are allergic will help you build a tolerance to the allergen over time. Immunotherapy is either administered via injection (allergy shots) or in oral droplets (sublingual immunotherapy).